30 AUGUST 2019 Y.
This madrasah is one of the major attractions of Gijduvan city, which is 40 kilometres from Bukhara, as well as one of the three that were built by the illustrious grandson of Amir Temur. The other two are in Samarkand and Bukhara. According to modern standards, Gijduvan is a small town, but imagine what was its significance in the Medieval East, if the Governor himself had chosen this city to build such a great madrasah.
In Gijduvan city madrasah is not a separate feature. It is one of the key components of Sufi-mystic’s ensemble of Abduhalik Gijduvani’s ensemble, where directly opposite the entrance located the "Mazar" — burial place with a venue for the ablution of pilgrims in the courtyard. According to Muslim traditions it was built with the entrance on the East.
Madrasah is remarkable by being built in the heyday of Central Asian architecture, which is of historical and Uzbekistan the whole world, it reflects the architectural philosophy of those times. Madrasah tries to convey peers & posterity the great spirit of Tamerlane’s Empire. The service of this goal was given an important shape, ornaments, decoration of azure or gold. Here it is possible to see how the traditional Central Asian style incorporates the influences of the Persian tradition, conditioning the origin of a foreign architect.
The facade is decorated with glazed mosaic tiles from light blue to deep blue shades, forming a harmonically-restrained pattern. Abdullakhan, the ruler of the 16th century, conducted a reconstruction of Ulugbek’s Gijduvan & Bukhara madrassah, partially replacing the outdated samples. Large patterns of the Timurid era were replaced by floral motifs. The new style was characterized by smaller dimensions of parts to reflect the changes and colors in green guise but faded gilding had faded.
All the 3 Ulugbek’s madrasahs have a certain austerity of decoration. But the Samarkand’s still embellished a little more clearly. Gijduvan has two vaulted ayvans, an internal mosque for prayers and darskhana (a room for classes) that is covered with alabaster without any decorative elements. Above the arch, there is a partially preserved inscription in white on a blue background. Only the beginning & end are distinguished there. A narrative is about "a great place, the gardens of Paradise, the Savior of the world and faith Ulugbek, may Allah prolong his reign".