Flag of Uzbekistan
The state flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan, together with the anthem and emblem, became a symbol of independence on September 1, 1991. The flag of sovereign Uzbekistan was approved two months later, on November 18, 1991.
The flag of Uzbekistan is a rectangular fabric consisting of three equal horizontal bands of azure, white, and green colors with a length of 250 cm and a width of 125 cm. Along the edges of the white band, red borders are highlighted at the top and bottom.
Flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan: Symbolism
Band 1: azure, crescent and stars
Azure symbolizes the essential sources of life: the eternal sky and clean fresh water available for drinking and farming in a region where green oases are replaced by arid deserts and steppes.
In addition, historically this color is a traditional favorite of all eastern and Turkic peoples, which is reflected in the national costumes, architectural decorations and state banners of Central Asian kingdoms and the empire of Tamerlane himself.
On the upper part, on the front and back sides, at the flagstaff, there is a white crescent depicted, and on the right side of it there are twelve white five-pointed stars:
• upper row – three stars,
• middle row – four stars,
• lower row – five stars.
The crescent on the flag of Uzbekistan symbolizes the young state, where most of the population believes in Islam.
The twelve stars on the flag are a symbol of a cloudless sky, prosperity, unmarred by thunderstorms and clouds, clarity, and faith that even in the dead of night, the lucky stars will show the way to the lost wanderer on the road of life. It is also a reference to the astrological symbols of the wheel of the solar year, which includes 12 months and 12 representatives of the zodiac signs. Since in the East the New Year is celebrated on March 20-21, the day of the vernal equinox, 12 stars on the flag of Uzbekistan can be read as a coded name for the festival of the nature rebirth - Nowruz.
Band 2: white band and red stripes
The white color evokes the kindest stable associations with peace, light, purity of thoughts and deeds, and a happy journey.
The two red stripes are the life forces, the "blood vessels" that give fertility to the earth. They are the embodied images of the two biggest rivers of Uzbekistan - Syr Darya and Amu Darya, around which the cities were formed and agriculture developed.
Band 3: green
Green is the color of nature with mild climatic conditions favorable to people and the recognized color of Islam. Since the Arab Caliphate and its further expansion into the Central Asian region, it has been used to display sacred religious symbols and attributes.