State Emblem of Uzbekistan
The State Emblem of Uzbekistan is the official national symbol of the independent republic along with the flag and the anthem. It was adopted on July 2, 1992.
The Emblem was designed by a group of specialists from the Academy of Arts of Uzbekistan. A late version of the Uzbek SSR emblem was used as the foundation, demonstrating the invariability of natural and spiritual treasures of the country regardless of the course of historical events and the change of epochs.
The state emblem represents an image of sun rays rising over the mountains, rivers (Amu Darya and Syr Darya), and a green valley oasis, symbolizing fertile land and generous gifts of the earth. The sides are topped with images of cotton twigs, the "White Gold," and wheat heads, intertwined with ribbons of the state flag. Since ancient times, their image has been associated with wealth, which explains their representation on the emblem as the most valuable resource providing the country's income.
At the center of the coat of arms is a silvery bird of Humo ("Bird of Happiness" in Turkic mythology). Its wings spread over the whole country granting light, warmth, freedom, peace, and goodness. The famous medieval poet Alisher Navoi called Humo the brightest creature of all worlds.
At the top is a symbol of Islam, the Rub al-Hizb, a blue eight-pointed star rimmed with gold. Inside it, there are a white crescent and a five-pointed star.
At the bottom, the wreath is belted with a bow of ribbon symbolizing the national flag of the Republic with the inscription "OʻZBEKISTON" on top.