SULTAN SAODAT – SEYID’S DOMINATION

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A bit of history

When Genghis Khan destroyed ancient Termez, survivors moved into eastern direction and in 13-14 new town started to form. Its center was Sultan Saodat – mausoleums of Termez Seyids which started to appear in 10th century on the land of powerful Hasan al Amir Seyid (Seyids are descendants of the Prophet).

Seyids of Termez have always been treated with respect and honour both on behalf of inhabitants and royal courts. One of them, Al Mulk at-Termezi, was even proclaimed a caliph while many seyid descendants were princes.

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The oldest pre-Mongolian buildings of the complex were built at the end of 10th century. These are two mausoleums and a mosque between them. First was the mausoleum of al Mulk who had the title of sultan-al-saodat and the whole complex was named after him. Later, after Mongols invasion, other buildings started to being built when people moved closer to this place and began to rebuild their Termiz on new site. By this time, the town has already got its name of Madinat ar-radjal – the town of scholars.

The buildings were made from burnt bricks. It is amazing how ancient builders used this material – they made thoroughly put pattern elements from it with accents in form of coupled brick masonry shaped like “fir-tree” or “bow”, “diamond”, “circles” and “buds” with booms from trimmed bricks. Quarters of walls have octahedral arched sail with large domes above. Its wonderfully highly artistic look and architectural characteristics are typical only for buildings in Termez…

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Largest part of the initial decoration was lost. Yet, researches helped to restore the view of the complex. It included majolica lining, golden coatings, wall paintings with black and red colours. Pilgrims have always been visiting the place, they lit candles and charags that is why constant reconstruction works being made by mausoleum guardians for many centuries in row reduced initial lining to zero. The time did not show mercy – buildings and khanaks were used as kitchens or barns for sheep; earthquakes were destroying the bricks.

Today it is completely restored complex of strict design, silent and astonishing with its architectural immaculacy and completeness, carrying its ternary mausoleums with honour. It is so calm here. To us and to seiyd’s graves, let it last for ever.

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